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|Title:||Voltage-Induced Swelling and Deswelling of Weak Polybase Brushes|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Citation:||Weir, M.P., Heriot, S.Y., Martin, S.J., Parnell, A.J., Holt, S.A., Webster, J.R.P., Jones, R.A.L. (2011). Voltage-Induced Swelling and Deswelling of Weak Polybase Brushes. Langmuir, 27(17), 11000-11007.|
|Abstract:||We have investigated a novel method of remotely switching the conformation of a weak polybase brush using an applied voltage. Surface-grafted polyelectrolyte brushes exhibit rich responsive behavior and show great promise as â€œsmart surfacesâ€ , but existing switching methods involve physically or chemically changing the solution in contact with the brush. In this study, high grafting density poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) brushes were grown from silicon surfaces using atom transfer radical polymerization. Optical ellipsometry and neutron reflectivity were used to measure changes in the profiles of the brushes in response to DC voltages applied between the brush substrate and a parallel electrode some distance away in the surrounding liquid (water or D2O). Positive voltages were shown to cause swelling, while negative voltages in some cases caused deswelling. Neutron reflectometry experiments were carried out on the INTER reflectometer (ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK) allowing time-resolved measurements of polymer brush structure. The PDMAEMA brushes were shown to have a polymer volume fraction profile described by a Gaussian-terminated parabola both in the equilibrium and in the partially swollen states. At very high positive voltages (in this study, positive bias means positive voltage to the brush-bearing substrate), the brush chains were shown to be stretched to an extent comparable to their contour length, before being physically removed from the interface. Voltage-induced swelling was shown to exhibit a wider range of brush swelling states in comparison to pH switching, with the additional advantages that the stimulus is remotely controlled and may be fully automated. © 2011, American Chemical Society|
|Gov't Doc #:||3823|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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