Amylolysis of wheat starches. II. Degradation patterns of native starch granules with varying functional properties
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Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were employed to investigate degradation patterns of native starch granules from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by different starch-degrading enzymes. The starches examined were from a waxy wheat and four varieties with slightly elevated amylose content, but with different functional properties. Differences in the digestion patterns after partial α-amylolysis of starch granules were noted between the starches. The waxy starch seemed to be degraded by endocorrosion, whereas the amylose-rich starches followed a slower mode of hydrolysis starting from the granular surface. X-ray diffractograms of the amylose-rich starches were not significantly altered by 2 h of α-amylolysis, whereas partial hydrolysis of the waxy starch decreased scattering intensity at higher 2θ angles, consistent with a different mode of attack by α-amylase in the initial digestion stages of granules of waxy and amylose-rich starches. We propose these differences are due to the combined effects of the change in packing density and partial preference for hydrolysis of amorphous material. The native starch granules were also attacked by beta-amylase, isoamylase and amyloglucosidase, which indicates that α-amylase is not the only starch-degrading enzyme that is able to initiate starch hydrolysis of native granules. © 2010, Elsevier Ltd.
Wheat, Starch, Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Hydrolysis, Digestion
Blazek, J., & Copeland, L. (2010). Amylolysis of wheat starches. II. Degradation patterns of native starch granules with varying functional properties. Journal of Cereal Science, 52(2), 295-302. doi:10.1016/j.jcs.2010.06.011