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dc.contributor.authorCohen, DD-
dc.contributor.authorCrawford, J-
dc.contributor.authorStelcer, E-
dc.contributor.authorBac, VT-
dc.identifier.citationCohen, D. D., Crawford, J., Stelcer, E., & Bac, V. T. (2010). Long range transport of fine particle windblown soils and coal fired power station emissions into Hanoi between 2001 to 2008. Atmospheric Environment, 44(31), 3761-3769. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.06.047en_AU
dc.description.abstractFine particulate matter (PM2.5), source fingerprints and their contributions have been measured and reported previously at Hanoi, Vietnam, from 25 April 2001 to 31 December 2008. In this study back trajectories are used to identify long range transport into Hanoi for two of these sources, namely, windblown dust (Soil) from 12 major deserts in China and emissions from 33 coal fired power plants (Coal) in Vietnam and China. There were 28 days of extreme Soil events with concentrations greater than 6 μg m−3 and 25 days of extreme Coal with concentrations greater than 30 μg m−3 from a total of 748 sampling days during the study period. Through the use of back trajectories it was found that long range transport of soil from the Taklamakan and Gobi desert regions (more than 3000 km to the north west) accounted for 76% of the extreme events for Soil. The three local Vietnamese power stations contributed to 15% of the extreme Coal events, while four Chinese power stations between 300 km and 1700 km to the north-east of Hanoi contributed 50% of the total extreme Coal events measured at the Hanoi sampling site. © 2010, Elsevier Ltd.en_AU
dc.subjectIon beamsen_AU
dc.subjectPollution sourcesen_AU
dc.subjectCoal industryen_AU
dc.titleLong range transport of fine particle windblown soils and coal fired power station emissions into Hanoi between 2001 to 2008.en_AU
dc.typeJournal Articleen_AU
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