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|Title:||Novel organic-inorganic hybrids with increased water retention for elevated temperature proton exchange membrane application.|
|Keywords:||Proton exchange membrane fuel cells|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Citation:||Mistry, M. K., Choudhury, N. R., Dutta, N. K., Knott, R., Shi, Z. Q., & Holdcroft, S. (2008). Novel organic-inorganic hybrids with increased water retention for elevated temperature proton exchange membrane application. Chemistry of Materials, 20(21), 6857-6870. doi:10.1021/cm801374h|
|Abstract:||A new class of proton-conducting hybrid membranes have been developed using it combination of a solvent-directed infiltration method and sol-gel chemistry with a range of organofunctional silane and phosphate precursors. The phase-separated morphology of Nafion is used as a structure-directing template, which drives the inorganic component into the ionic Clusters of the Nafion membrane. The kinetics of the sol-gel reactions were monitored using spectroscopic techniques. Photoacoustic Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (PA-FTIR) confirms formation of Si-O-Si and Si-O-P bridges in the hybrid membranes, indicating silicate and phosphosilicate structures. The presence of the silicate/phosphosilicate network in the hybrid membranes enhances their thermal stability, thermomechanical properties, water retention at elevated temperatures, and relaxation temperature T(c). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and small angle neutron scattering were used to determine the morphology and microstructure of these membranes. A structural model of the hybrids is proposed to describe the size and shape of the inorganic particles, which is consistent with the SEM observations. Proton conductivity measurements were made from 30 to 80 degrees C and at relative humidities ranging from 30% to 90%. The presence of inorganics in the polymer membrane has improved the water management in these new organic-inorganic hybrids at elevated temperatures above 100 degrees C, which is a key parameter when designing proton-ex change membranes for medium-temperature fuel cell application. © 2008, American Chemical Society|
|Gov't Doc #:||1464|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles|
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