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Title: Effects of selected process parameters on the morphology of poly(ethylene terephthalate) preforms and bottles.
Authors: Hanley, TL
Sutton, D
Karatchevtseva, I
Cookson, DJ
Burford, RP
Knott, RB
Keywords: Small angle scattering
Issue Date: 5-Oct-2007
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Hanley, T., Sutton, D., Karatchevtseva, I., Cookson, D., Burford, R., & Knott, R. (2007). Effects of selected process parameters on the morphology of poly(ethylene terephthalate) preforms and bottles. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 106(1), 238-247. doi:10.1002/app.26472
Abstract: Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies and polarized optical microscopy were undertaken to explore possible morphological explanations for the poor mechanical strength in the petaloid bases of poly(ethylene terephthalate) bottles. With a standard commercial production line, one set of injection-molded preforms was over-packed by 1.1 wt % to investigate the effect on the molecular morphology with respect to a set of control samples. Both sets of preforms showed highly crystalline and oriented areas corresponding to the injection gate region. The main body of the control preform was amorphous, and although the overpacked preform was essentially amorphous, there was some evidence for weak crystallinity. The SAXS patterns of the bottle petaloid base blown from the corresponding preforms produced similar SAXS patterns for overpacked and control bottle bases, indicating that the commercial process is robust at least to this degree of overpacking. Optical microscopy showed detailed crystalline features around the gate region and thin crystalline layers sandwiched between a quenched skin layer in direct contact with the cold mold walls and the main flow of material into the mold. © 2007, Wiley-Blackwell.
Gov't Doc #: 1173
ISSN: 0021-8995
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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