Browsing Booklets, Brochures and Pamphlets by Issue Date
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- ItemFirst ten years: 1953-1963(Australian Atomic Energy Commission, 1963-04) Baxter, POn April 15, 1953, the Royal assent was given to the Atomic Energy Act 1953. On January 6, 1963, the contract for the sale of uranium oxide from Rum Jungle to the Combined Development Agency had run its ten-year course. This, therefore, is an appropriate moment to cast a backward look at the origin of the Commission and the first decade of its activity.
- ItemRadioactive waste management(Australian Atomic Energy Commission, 1977-04) Costello, JMHow are radioactive wastes produced in nuclear power generation? What are the quantities involved? What procedures are available for their storage, treatment and disposal? These and other questions concerning radioactive waste management are discussed.
- Item25th jubilee souvenir(Australian Atomic Energy Commission, 1978-04-17) Australian Atomic Energy CommissionWhen word leaked out that the date of the AAEC Silver Jubilee was 17th April 1978, certain members of Administration staff decided some form of celebration should be held to mark this auspicious occasion.
- ItemProposed Lucas Heights tandem accelerator(Australian Atomic Energy Commission., 1985-01) Australian Atomic Energy CommissionIt is proposed that an 8 million volt tandem accelerator (LHTA - Lucas Heights Tandem Acceleator) be installed at the Australian Atomic Energy Commission's Lucas Heights Research Laboratories, Lucas Heights, Sydney. This new facility, expected to cost $6 million, will not only extend many established applications of science in Australia but will also introduce a number of new technologies. These new technologies would benefit many sections of the Australian community - from resources to research, from health to heritage and from erosion to corrosion.
- ItemSYNROC: the Australian method for immobilizing high level nuclear waste(Australian Atomic Energy Commission, 1987-02) Australian Atomic Energy CommissionThe purpose of the SYNROC Demonstration Plant Project is to show that SYNROC can be fabricated at or near full-scale on a non-radioactive basis in an engineered plant using process steps and an overall plant concept amenable to redesign for remote operation. Concurrently, operation of the plant will provide data for preliminary estimates of the cost of fabricating radioactive SYNROC. However, there is no commitment to build a radioactive SYNROC plant in Australia.
- ItemNew research reactor for Australia(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 1992-08) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationAustralia's original nuclear research reactor is the HIFAR reactor run by the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) at Lucas Heights, south of Sydney. This reactor, pictured on the front cover, has operated for more than 30 years with an excellent safety record, and its safety remains at the highest level. Unfortunately, however, the HIFAR reactor is now nearing the end of its working life. Its capabilities have also been overtaken by later designs. It has therefore been proposed that HIFAR should be replaced by a new reactor, using the very latest technologies and designs, to serve the country for the first half of the 21st century. This brochure has been produced by ANSTO to introduce you to these proposals.
- ItemShipment of research reactor spent fuel from Australia to France(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation and Compagnie Générale des Matières Nucléaires (COGEMA), 1999-11) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation; Compagnie Générale des Matières Nucléaires (COGEMA)The first maritime shipment of research reactor spent fuel from Australia to France initiates a new partnership between the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, ANSTO, and the French Compagnie Générale des Matières Nucléaires, COGEMA. The spent fuel elements that will be transferred to France arise from the HIFAR research reactor, operated by ANSTO. HlFAR is at the heart of Australia's nuclear science and technology program, which encompasses the fields of nuclear medicine, serving domestic and foreign markets, materials and environmental research. Spent fuel from nuclear research reactors may be managed under three main strategies: long-term storage, direct disposal or overseas reprocessing. Given the particular nature of ANSTO’s fuel, Australia has chosen the overseas reprocessing path due to the widely recognised advantages of this proven industrial solution. To implement this strategy, ANSTO has contracted with COGEMA, the World leader in nuclear fuel reprocessing, with more than three decades of successful and safe industrial operation. The reprocessing operations as well as the associated transports will be carried out under very stringent Quality Assurance/ Quality Control policies and will be in full compliance with all relevant international and national regulations, particularly those related to safety.
- ItemReplacement research reactor(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2001?) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationThe Replacement Research Reactor (RRR) will be built by INVAP at the Lucas Heights Science and Technology Centre of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, located 35km South-West of the Sydney Central Business District, Australia. The RRR is a multipurpose facility for radioisotope production, irradiation services and neutron beam research. The reactor thermal power is 20MW and its compact core is designed to achieve high performance in the production of neutrons. The facility comprises several buildings - Reactor Building, Neutron Guide Building, Offices and Visitor Centre Building, Auxiliary Building, Reactor Facitliy Substation and Cooling Towers - among which the reactor building stands out. The reactor building contains all the nuclear systems and the reactor and service pools. It protects the reactor from all external events and also provides the stuctural basis for the reactor containment. The building is built of reinforced concrete, it is seismically qualified, and it has a metallic grillage for protection from light aircraft crash.
- ItemFifty years(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2003) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation2003 is a significant milestone for ANSTO and the Australian research and development community, as it is the 50th anniversary of the passing of the Atomic Energy Act, 1953. One of the activities ANSTO has undertaken this year is to produce its 50th Anniversary Booklet, which celebrates its past, present and future. Since its inception, ANSTO’s work has gone through a tremendous evolution. The one constant, however, has been its commitment to maximising the benefits from its facilities and know how for Australia’s and the world’s sustainability, health and economic development. ANSTO is a crucial part of Australia’s science and innovation infrastructure, as its facilities provide essential capabilities to industry, research and development bodies and a range of educational institutions. ANSTO’s research focus and collaborative relationships – with educational bodies and other publicly-funded research organisations – will continue to identify ways in which the lives of all Australians can be enhanced. The recent launch of the Bragg Institute was another great milestone for ANSTO. A tribute to the father and son team of William and Lawrence Bragg, the Institute is at the forefront of research and development in neutron scattering and the use of x-rays. The replacement research reactor, a state-of-the-art facility, will keep Australia virtually self-sufficient in nuclear medicines and enable the development of new therapeutic and diagnostic substances. It will also allow ANSTO to expand its commercial capability and further contribute to the economic development of Australia in areas such as biotechnology, sustainability, engineering, materials, nanoscience and environmental science, as well as contributing to history and archaeology. An objective of ANSTO is to turn good science into good business for its clients, global partners and stakeholders. With this in mind, processes have been put in place to fast track some commercial ventures. Given the enthusiastic workforce and the investment in facilities, ANSTO will underpin socioeconomic development in Australia for many years to come.
- ItemCelebrating 50 years of applying nuclear science to daily life(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2003) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationWelcome to the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) 2003 Royal Easter Show display. This year we have chosen a 1950s theme in order to celebrate the anniversary of fifty years of successful nuclear research and development in Australia. On 15 April 1953, The Atomic Energy Act was passed by Parliament. This allowed a program of scientific research and development of atomic energy for peaceful purposes to occur in Australia. Fifty years on, many people remain unaware of the widespread uses and benefits of nuclear based products in our daily lives.
- ItemHuman activity and climate variability project(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2004) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationANSTO has developed unique expertise and built a strong capability in Australia (and indeed in the Asian-Pacific region) in nuclear techniques applied to study natural processes. Capabilities include isotope-dating techniques, trace element analysis of aerosol particles and the use of radon-isotopes as a tracer for large-scale air movement. This enables ANSTO to collaborate in, and indeed lead/co-ordinate large interdisciplinary teams to address questions arising from the effects of human activities on the climate system and to distinguish between human impact and climate variability. Such a team was utilised in the Human Activity and Climate Variability Project, which commenced in July 1999.
- ItemIonising radiation(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation., 2004-08-25) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationWe live in a world of radiation. Ionising radiation comes from many sources, including outer space, the sun, the rocks and soil beneath our feet, the buildings we live in, the air we breathe, the food and drink we ingest and even our own bodies.
- ItemOPAL: open pool Australian light-water reactor(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2005-06) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationThe construction of Australia’s new world-class research reactor, OPAL, heralds the nation’s determination to maintain its position at the frontiers of international science. OPAL will become the centre-piece of the facilities we offer at ANSTO, where we apply our nuclear expertise to support health, environmental, industrial and national security objectives. Since 1958, Australia has benefited from the nuclear capabilities of HIFAR, the High Flux Australian Reactor, and the nuclear-based science of ANSTO and its forebears. We provide high-quality radiopharmaceuticals for nuclear medicine, irradiate silicon for advanced electronics applications and produce radioisotopes for environmental, medical and industrial uses including non-destructive testing methods. Australian researchers and their counterparts from around the world use the unique insights afforded by neutron beam science to increase our fundamental scientific knowledge and assist our industries. Our nuclear expertise also enables us to make an important international contribution through groups such as the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia, which promotes the safe and peaceful use of nuclear technology in the Asian region. The OPAL reactor will outperform HIFAR in every aspect, making radiopharmaceutical and radioisotope production, irradiation services and neutron beam research quicker and more efficient. It can operate 340 days a year, a significant increase over the operating levels typically achieved by comparable overseas facilities. The new reactor uses low enriched uranium fuel with around 20 per cent uranium-235. In terms of nuclear security and safeguards, this is a distinct advantage over earlier nuclear reactors, some of which required as much as 95 per cent enriched uranium. A state-of-the-art research reactor, OPAL uses heavy water to moderate the neutrons produced in its fuel assemblies and light water for cooling. A ‘cold’ neutron source will produce neutrons with lower energy levels and longer wavelengths, significantly enhancing the versatility of the reactor’s neutron beam scattering facilities. Neutron guides, which function rather like optical fibre, are used to transport the useful neutrons to experiments, thereby removing unwanted highenergy neutrons and gamma radiation. To maximise scientific use of the OPAL reactor and to attract researchers who have not previously used neutron techniques, ANSTO has established the Bragg Institute as a regional centre of excellence in neutron science. The Bragg Institute is Australia’s leading group in the use of neutron scattering and X-ray techniques to solve complex research and industrial problems. The Institute is named in honour of Australians William and Lawrence Bragg, who jointly won the 1915 Nobel Prize for Physics. In recognition of the complementary nature of neutron and X-ray techniques, ANSTO has also invested $5 million in beamlines at the Australian Synchrotron being built in Melbourne by the Victorian Government. This publication explains the capabilities of OPAL and some of the many ways in which it will bring benefits to Australia and our international relationships.
- ItemBragg institute: international leader in neutron beam and x-ray science(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2005-11) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationAustralia’s new world-class research reactor, OPAL, provides a unique opportunity for the nation’s scientists to expand their horizons. OPAL will enhance the nuclear capabilities of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), enabling us to increase the support we provide for Australia’s health, environmental and industrial research, as well as the country’s strategic objectives. Since 1958, ANSTO and its forebears have enabled Australian researchers and their counterparts from around the world to use the unique insights afforded by neutron beam science to increase fundamental scientific knowledge and assist numerous industries. The establishment of the Bragg Institute in 2002 was an essential step towards making such insights more readily available to an increasingly broad range of researchers and industries within Australia and the Asia- Pacific region. We see the opportunity for major growth in areas such as advanced materials, biosciences, the earth sciences and engineering.
- ItemFuture vision(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2006) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationANSTO will be the source of significant new discoveries, producing new knowledge, capabilities and technologies. While some of these will be applied to our own operations, others will be developed through targeted research, with the benefit distributed widely by outreach activities which encourage adoption and commercialisation.
- ItemOPAL: Australia's world-class research reactor.(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2006-01) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationOPAL, Australia’s new world-class research reactor, will help this country maintain its advanced position at the frontiers of international science. OPAL will be the centre-piece of the facilities we offer at ANSTO, where our nuclear expertise supports health, environmental, industrial and national security objectives. Similarly, it will enhance our ability to provide high-quality radiopharmaceuticals for nuclear medicine and produce radioisotopes and neutron beams for scientific and commercial uses. To maximise the use of OPAL, ANSTO has established the Bragg Institute as a regional centre of excellence in neutron scattering science. The Bragg Institute is Australia’s leading group in the use of neutron and X-ray scattering techniques to solve complex research and industrial problems. The Institute is named in honour of the Australian Nobel Prize for Physics winners, William and Lawrence Bragg. OPAL will replace HIFAR, Australia’s first nuclear reactor. It will perform in the top five per cent of more than 250 existing international research reactors, and at a similarly high level in its group of multi-purpose reactors. It can operate 340 days a year, a significant increase over the operating levels typically achieved by comparable overseas facilities.
- ItemWOMBAT: high-intensity powder diffractometer(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2007) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationWombat is the most powerful high-intensity powder diffractometer in the world. It has the power to detect a million neutrons a second and to produce data on the structure of materials in a matter of milliseconds.
- ItemAll about ANSTO(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2007-01) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationThe Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) is the centre of Australia’s nuclear science capabilities and expertise. We are one of the nation’s most unique and valued scientific assets, and have a reputation internationally for undertaking outstanding, innovative scientific research.
- ItemWhat do we look at when we use neutron scattering?(Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 2007-04-12) Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationMany useful things are made of crystals. Neutron instruments are made to look closely at crystals.