Browsing by Author "Yeung, WY"
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- ItemEffect of repeated loadings on the stress relaxation properties of 2.25Cr-1Mo steel at 550°C and the influence on the Feltham 'a' and 'b' parameters.(Elsevier, 2010-05-25) Humphries, SR; Snowden, KU; Yeung, WYThis paper describes studies undertaken to evaluate the stress relaxation behaviour of 2.25Cr–1Mo steel, a material used extensively in high temperature steam components. Repeated stress relaxation loadings were conducted on normalised and tempered 2.25Cr–1Mo steel at 550°C, under constant strain, in a closed loop testing system. Detailed analysis of stress relaxation curves is presented. Application of the data to the Feltham equation for subsequent use in life assessment procedures is discussed and analysed. © 2010, Elsevier Ltd.
- ItemEnergy-based approach for the evaluation of low cycle fatigue behaviour of 2.25Cr-1Mo steel at elevated temperature(Elsevier, 2010-08-20) Callaghan, MD; Humphries, SR; Law, M; Ho, M; Bendeich, PJ; Li, HJ; Yeung, WYThe energy-based approach for the evaluation of low cycle fatigue behaviour of 2.25Cr–1Mo steel at elevated temperature has been investigated and detailed analyses discussed. Plastic strain energy was determined per cycle and found to characterise both crack initiation and propagation to failure regimes. At cyclic stabilisation, average plastic strain energy may be used as a suitable damage parameter and correlations between experimental and predicted data determined. The fatigue toughness to failure of the material was established and the development of a fatigue toughness to crack propagation analysis is presented. © 2010, Elsevier Ltd.
- ItemEvaluation of high temperature fatigue behaviour of P22 by miniature specimen testing(Trans Tech Publications, 2010-01-01) Callaghan, MD; Humphries, SR; Law, M; Li, HJ; Yeung, WYMiniature specimen testing to evaluate mechanical properties, presents a novel opportunity to undertake structural integrity assessments of in-service power generation components, by removing only a very small volume of material. In this study, high temperature fatigue testing of P22 steel was undertaken and a number of fatigue properties determined using a miniature specimen testing methodology. Good comparisons were observed between fatigue properties determined by miniature specimens and the more established standard-sized specimen testing reported in literature.
- ItemMeasurement of fracture toughness of hydrided Zircaloy - 4.(The Institute of Materials Engineering Australasia Ltd., 2004) Callaghan, MD; Yeung, WY; Ripley, MI; Carr, DGZircaloy-4 is a zirconium alloy that will be used for construction of many of the core components in the replacement research reactor at Lucas Heights. The fracture toughness of the alloy and its radiation-induced reduction over the 40 year planned life of the reactor is an important mechanical property for this application. This study aims to simulate the radiation-induced reduction in fracture toughness by hydriding Zircaloy-4. A range of fracture toughnesses is required to calibrate the sub-size Charpy and small punch (SP) surveillance specimens that will be irradiated over the life of the reactor against standard J1C fracture toughness specimens. Pieces of Zircaloy-4 plate were hydrided in a vessel at a temperature of 520°C, at different pressures for either 10 or 22 hours. Final hydrogen concentrations between 25 wt% ppm and 380 wt% ppm hydrogen were obtained under gaseous atmosphere. The fracture toughness of the hydrided Zircaloy-4 was assessed using sub-size 2.5 mm-thick Charpy, three-point bend J1C and SP tests. The results were correlated to determine the relationship between the J-integral fracture toughness, Charpy impact energy and equivalent fracture strain (εqf) from the SP tests. It was found that as hydrogen concentration and hydride formation increased, the fracture toughness of the alloy generally decreased. The results show there to be a useful relationship between fracture toughness and εqf measured for the SP tests.
- ItemSmall punch test of LC4/SiCP metal matrix composites(Trans Tech Publications, 2010-09-17) Mak, J; Wuhrer, R; Humphries, SR; Booth, N; Heness, G; Yeung, WY; Wei, T; Qin, JN; Ouyang, QB; Zhang, DThere have been growing demands of high performance metal matrix composites in advanced engineering applications in virtue of their high specific strengths. This paper is to report an assessment of the mechanical properties of LC4/SiCp metal matrix composites using an innovative testing technique, small punch test. The composite materials of this study were produced by stir casting method with particulate reinforcements of 7wt.% and 14wt.% of SiC respectively. Small punch testing was performed on the LC4 base alloy and the two composites materials. The small punch test is a relatively new mechanical testing technique capable of utilizing small disk-shaped samples to determine the mechanical properties of the test materials. In this study, the equivalent fracture strain, εqf of the LC4/SiCp MMCs was characterised and compared with the base alloy. The fracture mechanism of the test samples was examined using scanning electron microscopy. © Trans Tech Publications Ltd.
- ItemA solution for estimating the tensile yield strength from small specimens(ASTM Compass, 2013-05-24) Mak, J; Wei, T; Wuhrer, R; Yeung, WY; Heness, G; Zhang, DThe small punch test is an innovative test that utilises small disc-shaped specimens to assess the mechanical behaviour of materials. The main advantage is the relatively small specimen size. In this article, a modified analytical solution for the small punch maximum bend strength is proposed that is based on classical plate theory. A clear linear relationship is observed between the tensile yield strength σYS and the small punch maximum bend strength σy for both alloys and metal matrix composites. © ASTM International.
- ItemSpecial testing equipment and validation of measurement methodologies for high temperature low cycle fatigue testing of miniature metallic specimens(Springer Nature, 2016-02-25) Callaghan, MD; Humphries, SR; Law, M; Bendeich, PJ; Yeung, WYA technique for high temperature low cycle fatigue testing of metallic materials has been developed, to determine fatigue behaviour through the testing of miniature specimens. The miniature specimen geometry was specifically designed, such that it could be manufactured from a small volume of material removed by chain-drilling extraction. An extensometry method to measure and control strain at the specimen shoulders during testing was adopted. This was undertaken to minimise the deleterious contact effects that can occur via extensometry attached at the gauge length of specimens, hence leading to premature failure and inaccurate fatigue data. By the application of this technique, the high temperature low cycle fatigue behaviour of 2.25Cr-1Mo steel was successfully characterised at 540 °C, under a fully reversed strain-controlled regime. The fatigue properties of the steel obtained from testing miniature specimens were shown to correlate well with existing literature for the material under comparable conditions, as determined by the testing of conventional standard-sized specimens. © 2016 Society for Experimental Mechanics
- ItemSpecimen-size dependency and modelling of energy evolution during high-temperature low-cycle fatigue of pressure vessel steel(Elsevier Ltd., 2011-08-01) Callaghan, MD; Humphries, SR; Law, M; Ho, M; Yan, K; Yeung, WYHigh-temperature low-cycle fatigue testing was conducted on pressure vessel steel using standard and miniature specimen sizes and the fatigue toughness required for macrocrack propagation was investigated. A definite specimen-size dependency was observed for both the threshold cumulative plastic strain energy and cycles required for macrocrack propagation, which was explained to be influenced by geometric conditions. An analytical modelling prediction was developed that accounted for specimen-size dependency and was successfully applied to predict fatigue toughness to macrocrack propagation. (C) 2011 Acta Materialia Inc.