Browsing by Author "Swainson, IP"
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- ItemLanthanum pyrochlores and the effect of yttrium addition in the systems La2-xYxZr2O7 and La2-xYxHf2O7(Elsevier, 2009-03) Whittle, KR; Cranswick, LMD; Redfern, SAT; Swainson, IP; Lumpkin, GRThe crystal structures of the compounds La2−xYxZr2O7 and La2−xYxHf2O7 with x=0.0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6, and 2.0 have been studied using neutron powder diffraction and electron microscopy to determine the stability fields of the pyrochlore and fluorite solid solutions. The limits of pyrochlore stability in these solid solutions are found to be close to La0.8Y1.2Zr2O7 and La0.4Y1.6Hf2O7, respectively. In both systems the unit cell parameter is found to vary linearly with Y content across those compositions where the pyrochlore phase is stable, as does the x-coordinate of the oxygen atoms on the 48f (x,3/8,3/8) sites. In both systems, linear extrapolations of the pyrochlore data suggest that the disordering is accompanied by a small decrease in the lattice parameter of approximately 0.4%. After the pyrochlore solid solution limit is reached, a sharp change is observed from x~0.41 to 0.375 as the disordered defect fluorite structure is favoured. Electron diffraction patterns illustrate that some short-range order remains in the disordered defect fluorite phases. © 2009, Elsevier Ltd.
- ItemPyrochlore to fluorite transitions - ordering in fluorites?(Materials Research Society, 2008-12-01) Whittle, KR; Cranswick, LMD; Redfern, SAT; Swainson, IP; Lumpkin, GRTwo systems have been studied La2-xYxZr2O7 and La2-xYxHf2O7, as part of an on-going study of radiation tolerance in nuclear waste forms and related oxide materials. The structural effects of increasing Y content in La based zirconate and hafnate pyrochlores have been studied with neutron diffraction and electron microscopy. Results have shown a difference in structural stability for both the pyrochlore and fluorite phases within each system, including the presence of two-phase regions in both systems. In the zirconate, the two-phase region lies in the range x = 0.9-1.6. This is shifted to higher Y content in the hafnate system and lies in the range of x = 1.5 to approximately 1.8-1.9. In addition to the differences in phase stability, electron diffraction, predominantly down the  zone axis, has shown evidence for ordering in the form of structured diffuse scattering within the fluorite phases.