Browsing by Author "Shcherbakova, LG"
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- ItemComparative study of electrical conduction and oxygen diffusion in the rhombohedral and bixbyite Ln6MoO12 (Ln = Er, Tm, Yb) polymorphs(American Chemical Society, 2019-03-19) Shlyakhtina, AV; Lyskov, NV; Avdeev, M; Goffman, VG; Gorshkov, NV; Knotko, AV; Kolbanev, IV; Karyagina, OK; Maslakov, KI; Shcherbakova, LG; Sadovskaya, EM; Sadykov, VA; Eremeev, NFElectrical conduction and oxygen diffusion mobility in the bixbyite (Ia3̅) and rhombohedral (R3̅) polymorphs of the Ln6MoO12−Δ (Ln = Er, Tm, Yb; Δ = δ, δ1, δ2; δ1 > δ2) heavy lanthanide molybdates, belonging to new, previously unexplored classes of potential mixed (ionic–electronic) conductors, have been studied in the range of 200–900 °C. The oxygen self-diffusion coefficient in bixbyite (Ia3̅) Yb6MoO12−δ phase estimated by the temperature-programmed heteroexchange with C18O2 was shown to be much higher than that for rhombohedral (R3̅) RI (with large oxygen deficiency) and (R3̅) RII (with small oxygen deficiency) Ln6MoO12−Δ (Ln = Tm, Yb; Δ = δ1; δ1 > δ2) oxides. According to the activation energy for total conduction in ambient air, 0.99, 0.93, and 1.01 eV in Er6MoO12−δ, Tm6MoO12−δ, and Yb6MoO12−δ bixbyites, respectively, oxygen ion conductivity prevails in the range ∼200–500 °C. Oxygen mobility data for the rhombohedral Ln6MoO12−Δ (Ln = Er, Tm, Yb; Δ = δ1, δ2) phases RI and RII indicate that the oxygen in these phases exhibits mobility at much higher temperatures, such as those above 600–700 °C. Accordingly, below 600–700 °C they have predominantly electronic conductivity. As shown by total conductivity study of Ln6MoO12−δ (Ln = Er, Tm, Yb) bixbyites (Ia3̅) and rhombohedral phases Ln6MoO12−Δ (Ln = Er, Tm, Yb; Δ = δ1, δ2) (R3̅) in dry and wet air, the proton conductivity contribution exists only in Ln6MoO12−δ (Ln = Er, Tm, Yb) bixbyites up to 450–600 °C and decreases with a decreasing of the lanthanide ionic radius. The obtained data on the mobility of oxygen and the presence of proton contribution in bixbyites in the 300–600 °C temperature range make it possible to confirm unequivocally that Ln6MoO12−δ (Ln = Er, Tm, Yb) bixbyites are mixed electron–proton conductors at these temperatures. © 2019 American Chemical Society
- ItemInterstitial oxide ion conduction in (Ln (2-x) Zrx) Zr2O7+ delta (Ln= Nd, Sm)(International Union of Crystallography, 2012-08-29) Shlyakhtina, AV; Belov, DA; Knotko, AV; Avdeev, M; Kolbanev, IV; Streletskii, AN; Shcherbakova, LGWe have studied the structure and transport properties of (Ln2-xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 (Ln= Nd, Sm; x=0; 0.2; 0.32; 0.39; 0.48; 0.67; 0.78; 0.96; 1.14; 1.27) solid solutions, which lie in the ZrO2-Ln2Zr2O7 (Ln= Nd, Sm) isomorphous miscibility range (33.3, 29, 26.6, 25.3, 23.5, 20, 18, 15, 12, 10 mol% Ln2O3) in the Nd2O3-ZrO2 (NdZrO) and Sm2O3-ZrO2 (SmZrO) systems. Major attention has been focused on the structure and properties of pyrochlore-like (Ln2 xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 (Ln=Nd, Sm) solid solutions with x = 0–0.78, which are thought to be potential interstitial oxide ion conductors. The crystal structure of the solid solutions has been investigated by X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques using Rietveld refinement, and their microstructure has been examined by SEM. The excess oxygen content of the (Ln2-xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 (Ln= Nd, Sm; x=0.2;0.32) pyrochlore-like solid solutions has been determined by thermal analysis and mass spectrometry in a reducing atmosphere (H2/Ar-He). The transport properties of the solid solutions in the two systems have been studied by impedancespectroscopy in air. © International Union of Crystallography
- ItemOxide ion transport in (Nd2−xZrx)Zr2O7+δ electrolytes by an interstitial mechanism(Elsevier, 2014-08-05) Shlyakhtina, AV; Belov, DA; Knotko, AV; Avdeev, M; Kolbanev, IV; Vorobieva, GA; Karyagina, OK; Shcherbakova, LGWe have studied the structure and transport properties of ten (Nd2−xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 (x = 0–1.27) solid solutions, which lie in the ZrO2–Nd2Zr2O7 isomorphous miscibility range. Major attention has been focused on the pyrochlore-like (Nd2−xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 solid solutions with x = 0–0.78, which are thought to be potential interstitial oxide ion conductors. The X-ray and neutron diffraction results demonstrate that the (Nd2−xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 (x = 0–1.27) solid solutions undergo an order–disorder (pyrochlore–defect fluorite) structural phase transition. The (Nd2−xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 (x = 0.2–0.78) have the bulk conductivity, ∼(1.2–4) × 10–3 S/cm at 750 °C, which is two orders of magnitude higher than that of the ordered pyrochlore Nd2Zr2O7. An attempt has been made to determine the interstitial oxygen content of (Nd2−xZrx)Zr2O7+x/2 (x = 0.2; 0.67) in a reducing atmosphere using thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry. It has been shown that no reduction occurs in the NdZrO system, where neodymium has only one oxidation state, 3+. © 2014, Elsevier B.V.
- ItemPolymorphs of rare-earth molybdates Ln10Mo2O21 (Ln= Gd, Dy, Ho): structure, conductivity and magnetism(e.LIBRARY.RU, 2019-07-05) Shlyakhtina, AV; Avdeev, M; Lyskov, NV; Denisova, KN; Kolbanev, IV; Chernyak, S; Shcherbakova, LG; Volkova, OS; Vasiliev, ANThe polymorphism of Ln6MO12(M = Mo, W) rare-earth molybdates and tungstates has been studied for a rather long time [Bartram, 1966].Nevertheless, many questions related to the structure of REE molybdates remain open. The purpose of this work was to find conditions for the synthesis of phase-pure Ln10Mo2O21(Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) intermediate rare-earth molybdates; to synthesize high-temperature (fluorite) and low-temperature polymorphs of the Ln10Mo2O21(Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) molybdates and study their structure by XRD, to determine the structure of the low-temperature polymorph phase (orthorhombic or tetragonal) by neutron diffraction, using Ho10Mo2O21as an example, to study the microstructure and conductivity of the synthesized compounds in dry and wet air, and to study the magnetic properties of the Ln10Mo2O21( Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) polymorphs.Orthorhombic and fluorite Ln10Mo2O21 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) polymorphs have been synthesized by firing mechanically activated 5Ln2O3+ 2MoO3(Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) oxide mixtures at 1200 and 1600 °C, respectively. Stable, phase-pure orthorhombic Ln10Mo2O21 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) molybdates have been obtained for the first time by prolonged (40–160 h) heat treatment at 1200 °C. The preparation of orthorhombic Gd10Mo2O21requires the shortest time (40 h), the synthesis of orthorhombic Dy10Mo2O21takes double this time (80 h), and 160 h are needed to obtain orthorhombic Ho10Mo2O21. Higher temperature firing (1600 °C, 3 h) leads to the formation of phase-pure fluorite Ln10Mo2O21 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho). Summarizing the results of the present and earlier works [Bevan et al., 1982; Lashtaberg et al., 2010] it can be stated with all certainty that the structure of the low-temperature R10Mo2O21(R = Gd-Er, Y) polymorphs is orthorhombic and not tetragonal. Proton conduction of orthorhombic and fluorite polymorphs Gd10Mo2O21, Dy10Mo2O21, Ho10Mo2O21has been investigated.Down to liquid helium temperatures, the title compounds exhibit paramagnetic properties due to weakly interacting localized magnetic moments of rare-earths.This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grants no. 16-03-00143, 19-03-00358
- ItemStability against reduction of fluorite-like rhombohedral La5.5MoO11.25 and Ho5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3 fluorite: conductivity and neutron diffraction study(Elsevier, 2018-06-01) Savvin, SN; Avdeev, M; Kolbanev, IV; Kharitonova, EP; Shcherbakova, LG; Shlyakhtina, AV; Nuñez, PZr-substituted rare-earth molybdates Ho5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3 and unsubstituted La5.5MoO11.25 demonstrate appreciable mixed electron-proton conductivity in the 200–470 °C and 145–730 °C temperature range, respectively, under wet oxidizing and mild reducing conditions (air, Ar, Ar-5% H2). Rhombohedral fluorite-like La5.5MoO11.25 showed the highest bulk conductivity of about 1 × 10−5 S/cm at 400 °C in wet air and Ar. Its impedance spectra did not provide any evidence of the grain boundary contribution in wet atmosphere. Total conductivity of Ho5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3 fluorite is much lower and is 3 × 10−7 S/cm at 400 °C in wet air. Besides, it should be noted that there is a grain-boundary contribution of Ho5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3 in wet air and Ar. Thermogravimetry data demonstrate that the fraction of strong structurally bound water and interstitial protons in La5.5MoO11.25 and Ho5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3 is ~0.02–0.03% in the range ~600–900 °C. The stability of Ho5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3 fluorite structure and fluorite-like rhombohedral La5.5MoO11.25 structure in extremely dry conditions under dynamic vacuum of 10−6–10−7 mbar was investigated by in situ variable temperature neutron diffraction between 800 and 1400 °C to understand phase behaviour under mild reducing conditions in a wide temperature range. Rhombohedral fluorite-like La5.5MoO11.25 has been shown to be more resistant to reduction under vacuum below 1100 °С in heating–cooling cycles than is fluorite Ho5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3. Given the higher proton conductivity of Ln5.5MoO11.25, this suggests that rhombohedral fluorite-like La6MoO12 - based molybdates are suitable for long-term use under mild reducing conditions and 600–800 °С. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
- ItemStructure and conductivity of Nd6MoO12-based potential electron–proton conductors under dry and wet redox conditions(Royal Society of Chemistry, 2019-01-09) Shlyakhtina, AV; Avdeev, M; Abrantes, JCC; Gomes, ED; Lyskov, NV; Kharitonova, EP; Kolbanev, IV; Shcherbakova, LGNominal compositions Nd6MoO12 (3[thin space (1/6-em)]:[thin space (1/6-em)]1) and Nd10Mo2O21 (5[thin space (1/6-em)]:[thin space (1/6-em)]2) were prepared by high-temperature synthesis in air from a mechanically activated mixture of Nd2O3 and MoO3. Phase-pure Nd6MoO12−δ and Nd6MoO12−α have been obtained at 1600 and 1650 °C, respectively. They are both slightly rhombohedrally distorted derivatives from the cubic fluorite structure. Nd10Mo2O21 with a lower content of Nd2O3 was shown to be a more complex phase based on the rhombohedral phase (R[3 with combining macron]) in the 1600–1650 °C temperature range. As a result of the formation of a more complex rhombohedral phase, the conductivity of Nd10Mo2O21 changes dramatically in comparison with Nd6MoO12−δ. In wet air Nd6MoO12−δ is a p-type electronic conductor, whereas proton conductivity dominates in Nd10Mo2O21 over the entire temperature range studied. The electrical conductivity dependence of Nd6MoO12−δ on the oxygen partial pressure shows a V-type behaviour typical of a transition from a p-type to n-type conductivity mechanism at 800 ≤ T ≤ 1000 °C. There is no p-type conductivity contribution in Nd10Mo2O21 in the same temperature range. The prevalence of electronic conductivity in the samples with nominal composition Nd6MoO12 in a wide temperature range is due to the fact that Nd and Mo in the fluorite materials are readily reduced. Predominantly Nd3+ and Mo6+ forms exist in more complex rhombohedral phase Nd10Mo2O21 and it has proton conductivity ∼8.5 × 10−3 S cm−1 at 800 °C. Thus, the loss of dimensional stability is more characteristic of fluorites and rhombohedral phases with small rhombohedral distortion (Nd5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3, Nd6MoO12−δ) than more complex rhombohedral phases based on (R[3 with combining macron]) (Nd10Mo2O21). A comparative high-temperature in situ neutron diffraction study under high vacuum of rhombohedral Nd6MoO12−δ and cubic fluorite Nd5.4Zr0.6MoO12.3 showed that the former transforms to the high-temperature cubic fluorite type above ∼1140 °C while the latter retains its cubic structure in the studied range up to 1350 °C. © the Partner Organisations 2019