Browsing by Author "Shah, DSH"
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- ItemSelf-assembly of protein monolayers engineered for improved monoclonal immunoglobulin G binding(MDPI Publishing, 2011-08-01) Le Brun, AP; Shah, DSH; Athey, D; Holt, SA; Lakey, JHBacterial outer membrane proteins, along with a filling lipid molecule can be modified to form stable self-assembled monolayers on gold. The transmembrane domain of Escherichia coli outer membrane protein A has been engineered to create a scaffold protein to which functional motifs can be fused. In earlier work we described the assembly and structure of an antibody-binding array where the Z domain of Staphylococcus aureus protein A was fused to the scaffold protein. Whilst the binding of rabbit polyclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) to the array is very strong, mouse monoclonal IgG dissociates from the array easily. This is a problem since many immunodiagnostic tests rely upon the use of mouse monoclonal antibodies. Here we describe a strategy to develop an antibody-binding array that will bind mouse monoclonal IgG with lowered dissociation from the array. A novel protein consisting of the scaffold protein fused to two pairs of Z domains separated by a long flexible linker was manufactured. Using surface plasmon resonance the self-assembly of the new protein on gold and the improved binding of mouse monoclonal IgG were demonstrated. © The Authors - This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
- ItemThe structural orientation of antibody layers bound to engineered biosensor surfaces(Elsevier, 2011-04-01) Le Brun, AP; Holt, SA; Shah, DSH; Majkrzak, CF; Lakey, JHThis paper describes a membrane protein array that binds immunoglobulin G at its constant regions whilst leaving the variable regions free to bind antigen. The scaffold of the array is the transmembrane domain of outer membrane protein A (tOmpA) from Escherichia colt engineered to assemble as an oriented monolayer on gold surfaces via a single cysteine residue. Other protein domains can be fused to the N and C termini of the scaffold. In this study we use circularly permuted ctOmpA fused to two Z domains of Staphylococcus aureus protein A (ZZctOmpA) to create the immunoglobulin G-binding array. The solution structure of the engineered proteins was assessed by circular dichroism spectroscopy. Assembly of the array, attachment of antibodies and antigen binding were measured using surface plasmon resonance and neutron reflection. Compared to mouse IgG2, polyclonal IgG from rabbit bound very strongly to ZZctOmpA and the dissociation of the immunoglobulin was slow enough to allow neutron reflection studies of the assembled layer with antigen. Using both magnetic and isotopic contrasts a complete layer by layer model was defined which revealed that the 223 A high layer contains antibodies in an upright orientation. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.