Browsing by Author "Bloch, ED"
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- ItemComprehensive study of carbon dioxide adsorption in the metal–organic frameworks M2(dobdc) (M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn)(Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014-08-28) Queen, WL; Hudson, MR; Bloch, ED; Mason, JA; Gonzalez, MI; Lee, JS; Gygi, D; Howe, JD; Lee, K; Darwish, TA; James, M; Peterson, VK; Teat, SJ; Smit, B; Neaton, JB; Long, JR; Brown, CMAnalysis of the CO2 adsorption properties of a well-known series of metal–organic frameworks M2(dobdc) (dobdc4− = 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate; M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn) is carried out in tandem with in situ structural studies to identify the host–guest interactions that lead to significant differences in isosteric heats of CO2 adsorption. Neutron and X-ray powder diffraction and single crystal X-ray diffraction experiments are used to unveil the site-specific binding properties of CO2 within many of these materials while systematically varying both the amount of CO2 and the temperature. Unlike previous studies, we show that CO2 adsorbed at the metal cations exhibits intramolecular angles with minimal deviations from 180°, a finding that indicates a strongly electrostatic and physisorptive interaction with the framework surface and sheds more light on the ongoing discussion regarding whether CO2 adsorbs in a linear or nonlinear geometry. This has important implications for proposals that have been made to utilize these materials for the activation and chemical conversion of CO2. For the weaker CO2 adsorbents, significant elongation of the metal–O(CO2) distances are observed and diffraction experiments additionally reveal that secondary CO2 adsorption sites, while likely stabilized by the population of the primary adsorption sites, significantly contribute to adsorption behavior at ambient temperature. Density functional theory calculations including van der Waals dispersion quantitatively corroborate and rationalize observations regarding intramolecular CO2 angles and trends in relative geometric properties and heats of adsorption in the M2(dobdc)–CO2 adducts. © 2014, The Royal Society of Chemistry.
- ItemHydrocarbon separations in a metal-organic framework with open iron(II) coordination sites(American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2012-03-30) Bloch, ED; Queen, WL; Krishna, R; Zadrozny, JM; Brown, CM; Long, JRThe energy costs associated with large-scale industrial separation of light hydrocarbons by cryogenic distillation could potentially be lowered through development of selective solid adsorbents that operate at higher temperatures. Here, the metal-organic framework Fe2(dobdc) (dobdc4– : 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) is demonstrated to exhibit excellent performance characteristics for separation of ethylene/ethane and propylene/propane mixtures at 318 kelvin. Breakthrough data obtained for these mixtures provide experimental validation of simulations, which in turn predict high selectivities and capacities of this material for the fractionation of methane/ethane/ethylene/acetylene mixtures, removal of acetylene impurities from ethylene, and membrane-based olefin/paraffin separations. Neutron powder diffraction data confirm a side-on coordination of acetylene, ethylene, and propylene at the iron(II) centers, while also providing solid-state structural characterization of the much weaker interactions of ethane and propane with the metal. © 2012, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
- ItemSelective binding of O(2) over N(2) in a redox-active metal-organic framework with open iron(II) coordination sites(American Chemical Society, 2011-09-21) Bloch, ED; Murray, LJ; Queen, WL; Chavan, S; Maximoff, SN; Bigi, JP; Krishna, R; Peterson, VK; Grandjean, F; Long, GJ; Smit, B; Bordiga, S; Brown, CM; Long, JRThe air-free reaction between FeCl2 and H4dobdc (dobdc4â€“ = 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) in a mixture of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and methanol affords Fe2(dobdc)Â·4DMF, a metalâ€“organic framework adopting the MOF-74 (or CPO-27) structure type. The desolvated form of this material displays a Brunauerâ€“Emmettâ€“Teller (BET) surface area of 1360 m2/g and features a hexagonal array of one-dimensional channels lined with coordinatively unsaturated FeII centers. Gas adsorption isotherms at 298 K indicate that Fe2(dobdc) binds O2 preferentially over N2, with an irreversible capacity of 9.3 wt %, corresponding to the adsorption of one O2 molecule per two iron centers. Remarkably, at 211 K, O2 uptake is fully reversible and the capacity increases to 18.2 wt %, corresponding to the adsorption of one O2 molecule per iron center. MoÌˆssbauer and infrared spectra are consistent with partial charge transfer from iron(II) to O2 at low temperature and complete charge transfer to form iron(III) and O22â€“ at room temperature. The results of Rietveld analyses of powder neutron diffraction data (4 K) confirm this interpretation, revealing O2 bound to iron in a symmetric side-on mode with dOâ€“O = 1.25(1) Ã… at low temperature and in a slipped side-on mode with dOâ€“O = 1.6(1) Ã… when oxidized at room temperature. Application of ideal adsorbed solution theory in simulating breakthrough curves shows Fe2(dobdc) to be a promising material for the separation of O2 from air at temperatures well above those currently employed in industrial settings. © 2011, American Chemical Society